For the formation of an agreement, there must be two people/parties or more there must be a one person/party proposal and acceptance of the other person/party. The person making the proposal is called a “promisor” and the person who accepts the proposal is normally called the Unilateral Mistake Ordinariat , a unilateral error (i.e. an error made by a party) offers no basis to avoid a contract, but a contract containing a typographical error can be corrected. A contract can be avoided if the value error in what is to be exchanged is significant or if the error is caused by the other party or if the other party is known. Unilateral errors often occur when a contractor makes an erroneous bid for a public contract. If such an offer is accepted, the contractor is only allowed to circumvent the contract if the contract has not been executed or if the other party can be placed in the position it held prior to the contract. If the error is obvious, the treaty is not enforced, but if it is insignificant, the contract is respected. The error must consist of a writing error or error in the calculation, because an error of judgment does not allow a contractor to avoid a contract. Confidentiality agreements, non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs), exclusive information agreements (CEPs) and confidentiality disclosure agreements are written agreements in which the recipient of the information is required to keep confidential the specifically identified confidential information provided by the supplier for a given period of time. Confidentiality agreements must indicate that confidential information is kept to a letter and labelled as “confidential.” The agreement must set a deadline, usually three years. Contracting Services negotiates, verifies and signs confidentiality agreements. Cooperation agreements involving researchers from more than one organization may develop formally at the beginning of the preparation of the proposal or be formally required by a funding agency as part of a proposal.
Where there is cooperation with a staff member of a commercial enterprise, it is necessary to formalize a cooperation agreement with the university and to address intellectual property rights. Cooperation agreements with a commercial enterprise must be verified by Contracting Services. If collaboration exists between a researcher from the University of Arizona and a non-University of Arizona, a non-company auditor, a statement of intent is considered a proven method. The Memorandum of Understanding should contain a declaration of cooperation, the identification of the scientists responsible for each activity and one or two sentences describing what each collaborator will bring. This letter should only be between the auditors, unless the promoter requires a signature from the university, in which case contract services must be involved. Supplements for people who work individually as contractors. This agreement is between two persons, one of whom works as an individual and independent contractor, who provides a specific service to the other. The agreement without conditions that erase both the person to rent and the individual contractor. Contract or sub-price: a market or sub-price is a premium for a prescribed or defined project with a specified period for a specified amount with defined delivery elements. There are two types of contracts – refund and fixed price. In a fee reimbursement agreement, the promoter agrees to bear all eligible costs incurred by the university in the work or research process up to an agreed maximum.
A fixed-price contract requires the (s) principal controller (s) to a defined level of work for a specified amount; that is, the sponsor pays the university a fixed amount to complete a specific task, regardless of the actual cost.