Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Reproduction of Their Phonograms The entry of intellectual property protection into the world trading system at the time, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), could not be dissociated from the role of the United States, which presented proposals for negotiations on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights. The European Community has also proposed guidelines and objectives. Contrary to the proposals of those countries, India was one of the countries that strongly opposed the idea of including the protection of intellectual property rights. However, after a debate between developing and developed countries, the winner is most interested in protecting their works, namely industrialized countries. Therefore, the TRIPS Agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at international level. In the international field, each area of intellectual property rights has its own international conventions as they develop over time. For the application of the general rules that have been agreed, it is for the State which will impose the rule in its national law to apply fully and agree to it. Uruguay`s 8th Round led the participating countries to an agreement that has an impact on international trade. At the meeting, a multilateral agreement called the WTO agreement was concluded. The participating countries signed in 1994 in Marrakesh, Morocco, the Final Act, which is the result of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. By signing the Final Act, the signatory States agree to sign the WTO (World Trade Organization Agreement) and its annexes. Provisions on intellectual property rights are set out in the Annex to the WTO Agreement, Annex 1C, entitled Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The TRIPS Agreement has been in force since 1995.
The transitional period applies to developing countries that are required to impose an obligation no later than four years after or in 2000, while underdeveloped countries will be granted by early 2006 at the latest. . .