Kennedy Khrushchev Agreement

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In this regard, I would like to address some of the fundamental problems that concern the whole world now that the future of humanity depends on its solution. It can be said that the issue of disarmament, which is the main issue of our time, has now made it resplen dance.5 I would like them to shine in the fact that we have agreed to present to the United Nations General Assembly a “declaration of principle”6 as a joint proposal of the USSR and the United States, so that a comprehensive and comprehensive disarmament treaty can be drawn up in subsequent negotiations. We must certainly not forget that this is so far an agreement on the principles of disarmament. This is still far from being achieved by the effective agreement on general and complete disarmament, and this is not all the more the practical beginning of such disarmament. But it is precisely the conclusion of such an agreement and its implementation as soon as possible that all nations expect from us. For them and for all of us, it would mean great joy. When all offensive missiles and iliozine il-28 were withdrawn from Cuba, the blockade officially ended on November 20, 1962. The negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union highlighted the need for a fast, clear and direct line of communication between the two superpowers. The Moscow-Washington helpline has been set up. A series of agreements then reduced tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union for several years, until the two sides embarked on the construction of their nuclear arsenals.

After several days of tense negotiations, an agreement was reached between Kennedy and Khrushchev. In public, the Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba and return them to the Soviet Union subject to UN scrutiny, in exchange for a public declaration and a U.S. agreement to avert another invasion of Cuba. Privately, the United States agreed to dismantle all Jupiter-built MRBMs built in the United States that had been used in Turkey against the Soviet Union; The question of whether or not Italy was included in the agreement was discussed. When Kennedy pointed out that such a treaty required unilateral action by the Soviet Union, ignoring the four-power agreement signed at the end of World War II, Khrushchev said that such a peace treaty had nullified the four-power agreement. He insisted that the city of Berlin should belong exclusively to the German Democratic Republic. West Germany, said Khrushchev Kennedy, would remain under American influence. Kennedy responded by saying that the United States could not accept such an agreement because of the prestige it would lose because of the decision. Faced with this remark, Khrushchev proposed to consider an “intermediate regime”.

[12] Khrushchev remained firmly in the fact that “the Soviet Union would sign [the peace treaty] in December if the United States rejected an interim agreement.” [12] Of course, such alternatives are also possible, such as the deployment of troops from neutral countries in West Berlin or UN troops. I have repeatedly expressed our support for such a solution and I am now confirming it. We also agree with the creation of the United Nations headquarters in West Berlin, which in this case would become an international city. On Saturday, October 27, after extensive consultations between the Soviet Union and Kennedy`s cabinet, Kennedy secretly agreed to withdraw all missiles used in Turkey and possibly southern Italy, the first on the border with the Soviet Union, in exchange for the withdrawal of all Khrushchev missiles to Cuba. [123] There are controversies over whether the withdrawal of missiles from Italy was part of the secret agreement.